SolarNews
The Electronic Newsletter of the
Solar Physics Division
American Astronomical Society
Volume 2018 Number 10
Aimee Norton, editor
15 May 2018



NASA – Call for Community Input to LWS TR&T Focused Science Topics
Mark Linton
27 April 2018
The 2018 NASA Living with a Star Targeted Research and Technology (LWS TR&T) Program Analysis Group (LPAG: lwstrt.gsfc.nasa.gov/lpag) executive committee (EC) will soon begin developing the next round of LWS focused science topics for ROSES 2019 and beyond. It is vital for the success of the LWS TR&T program that there be active community engagement in the development of annual TR&T science topics. We are therefore asking the Heliophysics community to provide input by July 2, 2018 for these topics.

Suggested science topics should be organized around achieving the goals set out in the strategic science areas (SSA’s) articulated in the LWS Ten Year Vision: lwstrt.gsfc.nasa.gov/images/pdf/LWS_10YrVision_Oct2015_Final.pdf

Physics-based Understanding to Enable Forecasting of:

Input may be entered through the LWS TR&T website at: lwstrt.gsfc.nasa.gov/input/ To view and comment on input which has been submitted in response to this call, please go to: lwstrt.gsfc.nasa.gov/viewinput/2018/

To view the topics which were developed from community input by the previous TR&T committee in 2016, see the final report of that committee at: lwstrt.gsfc.nasa.gov/images/pdf/LWSTRT-Report-2016-Final.pdf and the original community input and comments at: lwstrt.gsfc.nasa.gov/viewinput/2016/ Any topics in this 2016 report which were not selected by NASA for the ROSES 2017 TR&T call, or which are not selected by NASA for the upcoming ROSES 2018 TR&T call will be reviewed by the LPAG EC. Community input regarding updates to those topics is welcome.

We greatly look forward to your input and to continuing on the path of innovation and scientific exploration in the LWS program.

LPAG Executive Committee Members: Anthea Coster (Co-Chair), Mark Linton (Co-Chair), Joe Borovsky, Richard Collins, Seebany Datta-Barua, Matina Gkioulidou, Fan Guo, Jorg-Micha Jahn, Enrico Landi, John Leibacher, Sabrina Savage, Brian Walsh

LPAG Ex Officio Members: Jeff Morrill, Janet Kozyra, Shing Fung

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NASA – 2018 Heliophysics Missions of Opportunity
Jim Spann
04 May 2018
Two Program Element Appendixes (PEAs) are intended to be released by June 2018: the Heliophysics Science Mission of Opportunity (MO) and Heliophysics Technology Demonstration MO.

Technology Demonstration MO NSPIRES Solicitation number NNH18ZDA009J Person of Contact: Dr. Roshanak Hakimzadeh, Heliophysics TechDemo MO Lead Scientist hq-techdemo@mail.nasa.gov

Science MO NSPIRES Solicitation number NNH18ZDA010J Person of Contact: Dr. James Spann, Heliophysics Science MO Lead Scientist hq-hpdmo@mail.nasa.gov


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NASA – Heliophysics Volunteer Reviewers
Jim Spann
08 May 2018
As you know, the review process for the NASA Heliophysics ROSES proposals is dependent on community involvement. A wide range of subject matter is covered in the Heliophysics ROSES program calls, and experts are needed in each area for a successful and robust peer review process to occur. Please consider volunteering to serve on review panels by signing up on the following link: 

science.nasa.gov/researchers/volunteer-review-panels/roses-heliophysics-programs

With your service you can give back the community.

Thank you in advance for supporting this critical element of our discipline.
Jim Spann, Acting Chief Scientist, Heliophysics Division


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GREGOR – Call for Observing Proposals 2018B (Sep 1 – Dec 15)
Lucia Kleint
10 May 2018
GREGOR is a 1.5 meter on-axis solar telescope at the Observatorio del Teide in Tenerife operated in PI mode. We invite proposals for observing campaigns at GREGOR in 2018, with a submission deadline of June 4, 2018, 23 UT. We have split the observing days of 2018 into two seasons: from April 15 – end of July, 2018 and from September 1 – December 15, 2018. This call is for the second season.

Instrumentation available for the second season is:

Proposers reapplying for observing time are reminded that their proposal will be evaluated based on previous publications or their clear analysis in the proposal why former data were not sufficient and will automatically be rejected in case of not having submitted an observing report.

There are different quotas for observing time in 2018B: - KIS: 43 days. Eligibility: Any researcher with no restriction on institute/nationality can apply for observing time if at least one collaborator from KIS is included in the proposal.
- Spanish time: 16 days. Eligibility: No restriction on institute/nationality.
The remaining time is reserved for partners.

The proposal form for KIS time and more information on the instrumentation can be found here: www.leibniz-kis.de/en/observatories/gregor/observing-with-gregor/
and on the “Scientific instruments” page. Information on proposal submission for Spanish time, which is handled separately by a different TAC with different deadlines and will be announced in a separate call, can be found here www.iac.es/OOCC/solar-cat/

For questions, please contact L. Kleint (KIS time; lucia.kleint@leibniz-kis.de) or H. Socas Navarro (Spanish time; hsocas@iac.es)


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RHESSI Science Nuggets
Hugh Hudson
12 May 2018
No. 322, “Observation of Cosmic-Ray Spallation Events from SoHO,” by Serge Koutchmy and Ehsan Tavabi. LASCO’s images capture high-energy nuclear interactions from cosmic-ray hits.

No. 323, “To beam or not to beam – that is (still) the question,” by Paulo Simoes and Hugh Hudson. Descriptions of the lower solar atmosphere of flares ca. Cycle 21 sound surprisingly current.

See sprg.ssl.berkeley.edu/~tohban/wiki/index.php/RHESSI_Science_Nuggets listing the current series, 2008-present, and sprg.ssl.berkeley.edu/~tohban/nuggets/ for the original series, 2005-2008. We publish these at roughly two-week intervals and welcome contributions, which should be related, at least loosely, to RHESSI science.


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Solar Physics – Topical Collection on “Earth-affecting Solar Transients” Completed
Frank Schulz
14 May 2018
We are happy to announce the publication of the completed Topical Collection on “Earth-affecting Solar Transients” in the journal Solar Physics.

This collection of 34 articles is devoted to the recent advancement in the study of Earth-affecting solar transients, such as major solar flares, coronal mass ejections (CMEs), interplanetary CMEs (ICMEs), solar energetic particle (SEP) events, and corotating interaction regions (CIRs).

Please, read the recent Editorial by our guest editors: Jie Zhang, Xochitl Blanco-Cano, Nariaki Nitta, Nandita Srivastava, and Cristina H. Mandrini, Solar Physics (2018) 293: 80. doi.org/10.1007/s11207-018-1302-9

We take this opportunity to thank all authors, referees and guest editors who gave their time and expertise to create this special issue.


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Meeting Announcements

NORDITA (Stockholm) – Solar Helicities in Theory and Observations: Implications for Space Weather and Dynamo Theory
Maarit Käpylä
01 May 2018
The program on “Solar helicities in theory and observations: implications for space weather and dynamo theory” will take place 4 – 29 March 2019 in the Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics (NORDITA), Stockholm, Sweden.

The work schedule will begin with a 5-day workshop with the remaining three weeks of the program consisting of topical discussion sessions, seminars, and team work on issues raised during the event. Short-term participants will attend the workshop only, while a smaller number of long-term participants will have opportunity to stay for the entire duration of the program.

Topics for discussions and seminars include:

More information on the Solar helicities program: www.nso.edu/node/1643

Coordinators (in alphabetical order)


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TESS 2018 – Preparing for a Solar Polar Mission Townhall
Jeffrey Newmark
02 May 2018
Our current understanding of the Sun, its atmosphere, and the connection to the heliosphere is severely limited by the lack of good observations of the polar regions. An extended view of the high latitude regions of the Sun is the only method to obtain crucial observations not possible from the ecliptic viewpoint or from any other existing or planned mission. This workshop seeks to develop a community discussion on the science and mission implementation of a solar polar mission. It is crucial to start these discussions now, ahead of the preparations for the next Solar and Space Physics Decadal Survey. The meeting agenda will include presentations and an open call for science-driven community ideas.

Please join us during TESS on Monday, 21 May 2018, 19:45 - 21:00, Lansdowne Resort and Spa - Faulkner Room


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TESS 2018 – Living With a Star Program Analysis Group Townhall
Mark Linton
9 May 2018
A Living With a Star Program Analysis Group (LPAG lwstrt.gsfc.nasa.gov/lpag) Townhall will be held at the TESS meeting on Monday, May 21 at 12:30pm in the Faulkner room. The purpose of the Townhall is to present the call for community input to Living With a Star Targeted Research and Technology (LWS TR&T) Focused Science Topics for ROSES 2019 and beyond, and to solicit discussion regarding this input process and regarding potential topics.

Mark Linton, LPAG co-chair

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TESS 2018 – Preparing for the Decadal Surveys Town Hall: Call for Community Input
Valentin Martinez Pillet
13 May 2018
We are inviting participants of the upcoming TESS meeting in Leesburg, Virginia to submit science ideas for the town hall on

“Preparing for the upcoming Astronomy & Astrophysics and Solar & Space Physics Decadals.”

by sending an email to PreparingDecadals@nso.edu. The format will be one slide per idea and 2 minutes to present it. Representatives from NSF/AST, NSF/AGS and NASA/Heliophysics will participate in the town-hall.

The role of Space Weather in the different Decadal Surveys will be discussed. Please, visit agu.confex.com/agu/2018tess/meetingapp.cgi/Session/42767

The agenda for the town-hall is: 18:30 – 18:38   The Decadal Survey Process: ‘lessons learned’ (T. Hoeksema, Stanford)
18:39 – 18:50   NSF/AST and the A&A Decadal (R. Green, NSF/AST)
18:51 – 19:02   NSF/AGS and the S&SP Decadal (M. Wiltberger, NSF/AGS)
19:03 – 19:14   NASA/Heliophysics and the S&SP Decadal (J. Spann, NASA Heliophysics)
19:15 – 19:35   Community input
19:36 – 19:45   Conclusions and future directions

Tim Bastian (National Radio Astronomical Observatory)
Holly Gilbert (NASA/GSFC)
Todd Hoeksema (Stanford University)
Scott W. McIntosh (High Altitude Observatory)
Valentín Martínez Pillet (National Solar Observatory)


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Hinode 12 – Metcalf Travel Award Applications Deadline Extended
Ada Ortiz
07 May 2018
Dear all,

The deadline for submitting applications to the Metcalf Travel Awards within the Hinode 12 meeting has been extended until May 22, 2018.

Remember that the Hinode-12 meeting has been selected to receive funds by the Thomas Metcalf Travel Award Committee (MTAC). Therefore we invite here for applications from suitable participants. The funds will be used to support participation by newer members of the solar physics community. The Hinode-12 SOC will select two Metcalf lecturers (granting up to $2000 per awardee) based on their potential for future contributions to the field of Solar Physics. Recipients will be expected to present results relevant to their thesis or current work.

More info can be found here: spg.iaa.es/hinode12/metcalf-travel-awards.html

Your Hinode 12 meeting Organizers,
Luis Bellot & Ada Ortiz


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European Space Weather Workshop (ESWW) 2018 – Call for Submissions
Seth Jonas
07 May 2018
Dear Members,

We invite you to submit a short abstract to Session 3 at the Fifteenth European Space Weather Workshop, November 5 – 9, 2018 in Leuven, Belgium.  This Session will focus on identifying advancements and opportunities toward improved national and global resilience for space weather events.  The Session also provides the opportunity for presenters to showcase advances in research, observations, or analyses that can inform and enhance actions to improve resilience to the effects of space weather events. We are also interested in national level efforts to improve capacity, coordination and resilience as well as those that seek to strengthen international partnerships and frameworks.  Examples include national strategies, legislative developments, risk registers, coordinated research programs, and policy-level discussions in the UN and elsewhere. It is also a chance for presenters to identify opportunities for additional research and collaboration to enhance resilience to the effects of space weather events.

Deadline for submissions is 18 May, 2018.

Additional background and submission details are available here: www.stce.be/esww15/program/sessions.php

Thank you for your consideration,
Seth Jonas and Chris Cannizzaro


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Polar Perspectives 2018 (Boulder, CO, September 25 – 27, 2018) – A Workshop to Discuss Solar Polar Mission Readiness
Scott McIntosh
10 May 2018
Announcing The Polar Perspectives 2018 Workshop
September 25 - 27, 2018
NCAR/HAO: Boulder CO.

Website; www2.hao.ucar.edu/PolarPerspectives2018

Workshop Charge: To explore the scientific breakthroughs made possible by repeated or sustained observations of the Sun’s polar regions, and to consider the technologies and orbital dynamics required to achieve measurements at the desired vantages.

Workshop Objective: Develop a science portfolio for a solar polar mission, present and discuss options on a baseline, and extended, suite of instrumentation, and develop a number of conceptual orbits available with existing launch capacity.

Workshop Motivation: For the first time in human history, our technology allows us to observe all longitudes of the solar atmosphere. The combined imaging data from SOHO, STEREO, and SDO have demonstrated some of the rotationally driven processes on our Star. They present a tantalizing glimpse of the Sun’s polar evolution when the data are pieced together, despite limitations arising the fact that all of these spacecraft are observing the poles from vantages close to the ecliptic plane. For decades, observations of high solar latitudes have been used as critical precursor input for predictions of decadal-scale solar activity. Many solar high-latitude phenomena—including polar coronal holes, polar crown filaments, and the Sun’s torsional oscillations—indicate a limiting latitude around 55 degrees (in each hemisphere) that apparently divides high- vs. low-latitude dynamical evolution. A polar view would directly reveal the Sun’s global-scale dynamics, investigate the sources of the fast solar wind, and witness the full lifetime of structures in the solar atmosphere from birth to death, including a Sun-to-Earth view of coronal mass ejections.

In this workshop we will take inventory of the science that might be accomplished by a solar polar mission. We will discuss mission architecture, maturity of required compact instrumentation, and technological limitations placed on any concept mission by currently available launch capacity and/or spacecraft propulsion systems.

An important precedent was set by the Ulysses mission, which obtained groundbreaking polar in-situ observations. Beyond this, numerous feasibility investigations of solar polar missions have already been undertaken. A key element of the workshop will be to capture the “lessons learned” from these past activities and to use them to effectively move forward in designing future solar polar missions.


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Solar Spectropolarimetry and Diagnostic Techniques, Fall School – Estes Park (Colorado), September 24–October 5, 2018 (Last Announcement)
Rebecca Centeno
10 May 2018
This is the last announcement for the Fall School on Solar Spectropolarimetry and Diagnostic Techniques, sponsored by the High Altitude Observatory (NCAR), the Advanced Study Program of NCAR and the National Solar Observatory. The school will take place in Estes Park (Colorado), from September 24 through October 5, 2018.

This two-week school will present a comprehensive overview of the field of solar spectropolarimetry and the tools and methods used for decoding the polarization of the solar spectrum. For details on the intended audience, the lecture contents, the class schedule and the inversion codes that will be used during the school, please visit www2.hao.ucar.edu/spectropolarimetry

We will select 25 applicants through a competitive process to participate in the school. The duration of the school is two full weeks, and participants will receive partial-to-full support (depending on funding availability) for travel, accommodation and per diem. Instructions for the registration process can be found under “Application Materials” at www.asp.ucar.edu/spectropolarimetry The deadline for application is May 31, 2018.

We welcome applications from solar physicists from all walks of life (early- and not-so-early- career scientists and academics), however, graduate students and early career scientists in the field will be given priority.


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Solar Physics Webinar of Global Reach – TOMORROW talk
Gregory Fleishman
12 May 2018
Solar Physics Webinar of Global Reach (SPW-GR) was launched on 2018 April 18 under support of the Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research (CSTR) at NJIT (connection and coordination support) and Laboratory for Experimental Astrophysics, Ioffe Institute (web site support). The presentation, recording of the first talk, entitled “Multifaceted Solar Physics: The High-energy Aspects of Solar Flares,” given by Dr. Hugh Hudson, and a follow-up are now available online at the webinar web page (www.ioffe.ru/LEA/SF_AR/webinar.html) for free access. The first talk was virtually attended by about 50 people; the video has more than 130 views; the follow up has 40 views.

NEXT TALK:

The next talk in the series, entitled “The dynamic chromosphere of the Sun – Current models and challenges,” will be given by Dr. Sven Wedemeyer (Oslo).

HOW TO CONNECT

The Webinar uses the Cisco Webex service available at NJIT (link to connect: njit.webex.com/njit/j.php?MTID=mcb6f3cb75b5e6b62bbbcbba16d36e963; meeting # 924 797 400) and is coordinated by Dr. Gregory Fleishman.

WHEN:

The next talk is scheduled on Wednesday, 2018 May 16 at 14:00 UT.

FORMAT:

For details, see the SPW-GR web page www.ioffe.ru/LEA/SF_AR/webinar_about.html

SCHEDULE:

Visit the SPW-GR web page www.ioffe.ru/LEA/SF_AR/webinar.html


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BUKS2018 (IAC, Spain) – Abstract Submission Deadline Reminder, Friday, 1 June 2018: Last Reminder
Manuel Luna
14 May 2018
This is the last reminder that the BUKS2018 abstract submission deadline is Friday June 1st, 2018.

BUKS2018 Workshop on “Waves and Instabilities in the Solar Atmosphere: Confronting the Current State-of-the-Art” will take place in La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain) from 4 to 7 September 2018, organised by the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC).

The aim is to create a forum for discussion and exchange of ideas on recent results regarding observations, data analysis and theoretical/numerical modelling of waves, oscillations, associated instabilities and seismology of the solar atmosphere. Emphasis is given to the exploitation of present and future facilities, instruments and observational bands; the development and application of modern data analysis methods; and confrontation with state of the art modelling.

A few review talks will introduce the relevant topics, highlighting recent progress and unresolved questions. Recent results will be covered by contributed talks and posters.  Ample time will be available for discussions.

All researchers active in the field are welcome to attend. Graduate students and early-career postdocs are particularly encouraged to participate and present their research work.

Invited Reviews: Michael Ruderman, Marco Stangalini, Shahin Jafarzadeh

Invited Speakers: Clara Froment, Bo Li, Norbert Magyar, Tanmoy Samanta, Roberto Soler, Qinmin Zhang

Important dates

Contact and further information: buks2018@iac.es. More information at www.iac.es/congreso/BUKS2018/

Manuel Luna and Iñigo Arregui

On behalf of the SOC


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SHINE 2018 – Registration Open: Early Registration Deadline May 18th
Noé Lugaz
14 May 2018
The registration for the 2018 SHINE workshop is open. SHINE will take place from July 30th to August 3rd (student day July 29th) in Cocoa Beach, FL jointly at the Courtyard Marriott (posters) and Hilton (oral sessions). The scientific program (27 sessions) and details about the registration and abstract submission processes are listed in the SHINE website (shinecon.org/CurrentMeeting.php). Rooms are available at both hotels at the rate of $169 (Courtyard Marriott) and $159 (Hilton). Researchers who are required to pay the per diem rate should contact Noé Lugaz or Umbe Cantu directly. The registration fee includes one poster per person; this year, no additional posters are allowed. PSP Launch: We are eagerly counting down to the Parker Solar Probe launch and SHINE participants may have an opportunity to view the launch from Kennedy Space Flight Center. Upon registering (including payment) by the early-bird deadline, information will be provided to request an invitation to attend the launch events.

Important deadlines: Early-bird registration ($450) deadline: May 18th – extra fee of $50 afterwards Abstract Submission and Registration deadline: June 22nd Hotel Reservation deadline: June 22nd (link and conference code provided on the SHINE website)


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SDO 2018 Science Workshop – Catalyzing Solar Connections is Accepting Abstracts
William D. Pesnell
14 May 2018
The 2018 Solar Dynamics Observatory Workshop: Catalyzing Solar Connections, will be held October 29 - November 2, 2018, at Thagaste, in Ghent, Belgium (www.thagaste.be).

The abstract submission website is now open at register-as.oma.be/sdo2018/abstract.php Abstracts must be submitted by Friday, August 17, 2018.

It has been eight years since the launch of SDO. We have seen a blizzard of papers and science results from this mission. As Solar Cycle 24 fades, we will get together to discuss what we learned about the Sun and anticipate what Solar Cycle 25 will look like.

The 2018 European Space Weather Week will be held the following week, allowing participants to attend both meetings.

This workshop will include invited and contributed oral and poster presentations in 8 themed sessions spanning SDO‘s wide range of research topics and one day of parallel mini-workshops. We encourage your participation and hope that you will share this announcement with colleagues.

The registration deadline for the 350 EUR registration fee is Friday, September 15, 2018, 23:59 UTC. After that date, the registration fee is 450 EUR.

Registration, abstract submission, and other information about SDO 2018: Catalyzing Solar Connections will be available at register-as.oma.be/sdo2018/

Dean Pesnell
Chair, SDO 2018 Science Organizing Committee


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HAO Workshop “Model Coupling and Data Driven Simulations of Solar Eruptions” *ndash; Mesa Lab of NCAR, Boulder, August 13–16, 2018: Meeting Registration Deadline June 1 2018
Yuhong Fan
14 May 2018
Registration at www2.hao.ucar.edu/Workshop/ModelCoupling-2018

HAO is hosting a workshop focusing on model coupling and data driven numerical simulations with the goal to improve the realism of modeling active region flux emergence and work towards simulating realistic solar eruptive events. Significant progress has been made in recent years in both of these areas. Near surface layer radiation MHD simulations of active region formation driven by lower boundary condition of emerging flux from a solar convective dynamo simulation are able to model sunspot and active region formation with realistic properties of the observed solar active regions. Methods of using observed time sequences of vector magnetograms to drive simulations of realistic solar eruptive events in the corona are being explored and developed.  This workshop will bring together modelers and observers working in these areas to review recent results, discuss methodologies and future directions.  The following are some of the questions to be addressed:

  1. What are the challenges of modeling realistic active region formation? How can model coupling be used to bridge the wide range of temporal and spatial scales (from global scale dynamo generation of active region flux to near surface layer fine scale evolution of sunspot formation) and the different physical regimes the problem encompasses?
  2. How coupled models and simulations can help us interpret surface observations of active region evolution in terms of the subsurface structure of emerging flux, and deriving the boundary driving condition for coronal models of solar eruption?
  3. Are photospheric observations of vector magnetic field evolution adequate to drive MHD models to be able to realistically model the magnetic field evolution of eruptive events? What additional observational data can be used?
  4. Many current CME simulations use ad-hoc boundary-driving to numerically construct a pre-eruptive coronal configuration and trigger its eruption. What are the adequate boundary conditions for such simulations, especially for the imposed electric fields? How can information derived from vector magnetic data or flux-emergence simulations be used to further increase their realism?

All interested in this area of research are welcome to participate in this workshop and present their work. The format of the workshop will be informal oral presentations and open discussion sessions. We hope to have useful and effective discussions on the above topics during the workshop. Some travel support is available for graduate student participants. Here is the workshop webpage where registration, hotel reservation, and application for travel support are open: www2.hao.ucar.edu/Workshop/ModelCoupling-2018

Important deadlines:

Workshop SOC:
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SDO 2018: Catalyzing Solar Connections – Announcing Metcalf Travel Awards
W. Dean Pesnell
14 May 2018
We are pleased to solicit applications for a Thomas Metcalf Travel Award to support the participation of two early career scientists in the upcoming 2018 SDO Science Workshop: Catalyzing Solar Connections. This meeting will take place October 29-November 2, 2018, in Ghent, Belgium.

Further information about the meeting can be found at register-as.oma.be/sdo2018/

To be eligible, applicants must be members of the Solar Physics Division (spd.aas.org), and be within 4 years post-PhD or no more than 1 year pre-PhD at the time of the meeting.

The criteria for selection will be scientific excellence, potential for future contribution to the field of solar physics, and relevance of the applicants work to the symposium topic.

We anticipate funding multiple Metcalf Lecturers via grants for travel and local expenses, along with a registration waiver. The successful candidates will give invited talks and be profiled in the meeting program and introduced as Metcalf Lecturers. After the meeting, the lecturers must provide the SPD Metcalf committee with a one-page summary of their work suitable for public distribution on the Metcalf Award web site (spd.aas.org/prizes/metcalf).

Please send applications consisting of a cover letter, abstract for a talk, a short CV, and name and email address of one reference whom we may contact. Please send these materials to william dot d dot pesnell at nasa dot gov, no later than August 3, 2018.


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IAU XXX General Assembly (Vienna) – Focus Meeting 9: Solar Irradiance: Physics-Based Advances (22–23 August 2018): Abstract Deadline for Posters 31 May
Greg Kopp
14 May 2018
Sessions: We invite you to this Focus Meeting at the 2018 IAU General Assembly in Vienna to discuss recent physics-based advances in understanding the causes of brightness variability in the Sun and stars. The following two days of oral sessions are planned:

Scientific Rationale: Understanding and modeling of solar-irradiance variability is important for solar physics and for solar-terrestrial and solar-stellar studies. Some recent irradiance measurements question aspects of current empirical and semi-empirical models of solar-irradiance variability. New and more realistic physics-based irradiance models can now incorporate recent advances in modeling and observing the solar atmosphere. This next generation of irradiance models includes new advances in MHD, surface flux transport, and radiative transfer simulations as well as new state-of-the-art solar data. By relying on physics-based understandings, these new models will also allow more direct and physical extrapolations to other stars, opening a new regime for solar-stellar connection studies, as well as improved long-term estimates of historical solar variability.

Topics

Websites:

Invited Speakers (confirmed):

Important deadlines:
01 Sep 2017 – Opening of registration, abstract, and grant submission
31 May 2018 – Poster-submission deadline
30 Jun 2018 – Deadline for regular registration

Scientific Organizing Committee:
Robert Cameron – MPS, Germany
Paul Charbonneau – U. de Montréal, Canada
Ilaria Ermolli – Oss. Astron. di Roma, Italy
Juan Fontenla – NWRA, USA
Mark Giampapa – NSO, USA
Jie Jiang – NAO, China
Greg Kopp – LASP, USA (co-chair)
Matthieu Kretzschmar – U. of Orleans & CNRS, France
Natalie Krivova – MPS, Germany
Werner Schmutz – PMOD, Switzerland
Alexander Shapiro – MPS, Germany (co-chair)
Yvonne Unruh – Imperial College, UK
Ilya Usoskin – U. of Oulu, Finland
Aline Vidotto – Trinity College, Ireland

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Cool Stars 20 (Boston/Cambridge, USA, July 29–Aug 3 2018) – Splinter Session “Stellar Brightness Variations: Building on the Solar Knowledge”
Alexander Shapiro
14 May 2018
Abstract Submission: Please email your contribution to http://abstract-coolstars.20@mps.mpg.de.  We accept oral and poster contributions, please specify your preference.  Deadline for abstract submission is 1st of June 2018.

Website: www2.mps.mpg.de/projects/solve/organize_cool_stars.html

Scientific Rationale: The unprecedented precision of stellar brightness measurements achieved by the planet-hunting space telescopes initiated a new era in stellar photometric variability investigations. Understanding stellar brightness variations is of great interest to the solar, stellar, and exoplanetary communities, for the following reasons: Stellar brightness variations can provide constraints on the historical solar variability and solar role in climate change, as well as they allow to determine stellar magnetic cycles’ properties. Moreover, stellar brightness variations are a limiting factor for detection and characterisation of the exoplanets via transit photometry. Recently, a plethora of observational data have pushed ahead theoretical studies aiming at developing methods for extracting information about stars and their planets from the available records of brightness variations. These studies can greatly profit from knowledge acquired by studying the Sun. Thus the way forward is to focus on the solar-stellar comparison and examining how the solar paradigm can help us to explain variability of other stars and develop criteria for distinguishing between typical photometric signatures of intrinsic stellar variations and exoplanet transits.

Confirmed Invited Speakers:
Gibor Basri (Department of Astronomy, University of California, USA);
Joe Llama (Lowell Observatory, Flagstaff, USA);
Nadege Meunier (Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, Grenoble, France)
Benjamin Montet (Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, University of Chicago, USA).

Topics: Advances in modelling stellar photometric variability;
Exoplanet detection and limiting factors;
State-of-the-art in solar irradiance modelling.

Scientific Organising Committee:
Gibor Basri (Department of Astronomy, University of California, USA);
Natalie Krivova (Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Göttingen, Germany);
Alexander Shapiro (Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Göttingen, Germany);
Sami Solanki (Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Göttingen, Germany + School of Space Research, Kyung Hee University, Korea);
Yvonne Unruh (Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, United Kingdom);
Veronika Witzke (Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Göttingen, Germany).


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SHINE 2018 – Session 22: Advancing Solar Activity Forecasts Through Observations, Data Assimilation and Machine Learning
Lisa Upton
14 May 2018
Early Bird Registration Deadline: May 18th, 2018 at midnight CT

Organizers: Irina Kitiashvili (NASA Ames & BAERI), Lisa Upton (HAO, NCAR)
Scene Setting Speakers: Thomas Berger (University of Colorado) and Petrus Martens (Georgia State University)
Session Date: Friday, August 3

Session Description:

Understanding of solar variability on different scales is a key to building reliable forecasts for short-term events (such as emergence of active regions, flares and CMEs), as well as for long-term variations on the scale of solar cycles. New observational data from space missions and ground-based observatories provide us with detailed information about the solar dynamics and magnetism from the interior to the heliosphere. However, because of limited coverage and uncertainties of both, observational data and models, it is challenging to combine the data with models and make reliable forecasts of solar activity.

New data enhancement capabilities, advanced numerical simulations, mathematical data assimilation and machine learning techniques have opened new perspectives for better understanding the basic mechanisms of solar activity, extracting additional information about processes hidden from direct observations, and developing physics-based models for activity forecast. In particular, machine leaning methods allow us to efficiently analyze large amount of data, classify multiscale physical and morphological properties, and identify most important characteristics of the onset and strength of solar eruptions. The data assimilation methods (such as Ensemble Kalman Filter, 4DVar etc.) allow us to take into account uncertainties in both observational data and models, and estimate the current and future states of underlying physical processes (such as the solar dynamo and magnetic flux rope eruption). Thus, the synergy of observational data with data assimilation and machine learning techniques can potentially lead to substantial improvement of short and long term operational forecasts of the solar activity.

The proposed session will bring expertise of observers, theoreticians and modelers and provide a unique platform to discuss the current status, needs and challenges for understanding and forecasting of solar activity on different temporal and spatial scales.

During the session the following questions will be discussed:

  1. What are the most critical observational data for characterization of multiscale properties of solar activity?
  2. What are the observational and theoretical challenges for understanding and predicting the solar activity?
  3. How can the data assimilation and machine learning approaches improve forecasting of solar activity on short and long time-scales?
Please take note of the following Meeting Dates and Deadlines:

We hope to see you there!
Lisa Upton and Irina Kitiashvili


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Editor's Note

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Aimee Norton
11 November 2016

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