SolarNews
The Electronic Newsletter of the
Solar Physics Division
American Astronomical Society
Volume 2018 Number 22
Aimee Norton, editor
15 November 2018



Survey of Historical Astronomy Data
Alexei Pevtsov
05 November 2018
Over the past decades and even centuries, the astronomical community has accumulated a significant amount of historical records of observations of the Sun, stars, and other astronomical objects. Those records contain irreplaceable information about long-term evolutionary and non-evolutionary changes in our Universe, and clearly need to be preserved so that researchers can access and exploit them. As a first step in that process, we are creating an inventory of historical data that members of the astronomical community consider to be worthy of preservation. Most such records are analogue ones (plates, film, paper, books) but can include primitive magnetic tapes (e.g. those lacking recognizable formatting) or other early digital data.

Through this letter, we solicit input from the community as to which data exist that you feel merit consideration for preservation, the current state of those data (e.g. digitized or not) or of any associated metadata, and their current location.

You can provide your input via this web form: goo.gl/forms/lphoIfquXRtvSfrm2

Alexei Pevtsov

Co-Chair, IAU Inter-Division B-E WG on Coordination of Synoptic Observations of the Sun
On behalf of the informal working group on historical astronomy data, which includes Elizabeth Griffin, Joan Burkepile, Valentín M. Pillet, Sarah Gibson, David Webb, Frédéric Clette, Jim Hesser, Andres Muñoz-Jaramillo, Peter Stetson, Frank Hill, Rick Bogart, and Dana Longcope.

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IAU – PhD Prize to Recognise Excellence in Astrophysics
Sarah Gibson
06 Nov 2018
We encourage new PhDs – who have defended their thesis between 16 December 2017 and 15 December 2018 anywhere in the world – to apply for the IAU PhD prize. Each Division can award one prize (www.iau.org/science/grants_prizes/phd_prize/). Please help spread the word to institutions and organizations that award Doctorates in the activity areas of Division E (Sun and Heliosphere). The deadline is 15 December 2018.


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IAU – Junior membership
Sarah Gibson
06 Nov 2018
A new category of IAU Junior Members was approved at the IAU General Assembly in August 2018, and applications will be accepted annually. The application window is now open and has a hard deadline of December 31, 2018.

For this application period, a junior scientist is defined as someone who has completed her or his PhD studies between 2013 and 2018 in some branch of astronomy, is in the initial phase of the career of a professional researcher, and has the prospect of becoming a professional researcher in astronomy. Junior members may remain in that category for a period not exceeding six years.

If the applicant resides in the U.S., the application can be found at www.iau.org/submissions/juniormembershipapplication/3btzvf8qa6do/

Otherwise, the applicant should contact their national representative for information on how to apply (www.iau.org/administration/membership/national/). 

If the applicant resides in a country which is not a National Member of the IAU they may request to be nominated by one of the IAU Division Presidents. If the applicant wishes to follow this route for Division E, please contact sgibson@ucar.edu.


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AGU/SPA – Volunteer Opportunity
Christina Cohen
06 Nov 2018
AGU/SPA is your community - do you want to know more about what is happening?  Do you want to help foster improved communication?  Do you want to be involved?

We’re looking for a volunteer to work with AGU to manage the SPA section website.  AGU is happy to provide training and guidance on accessing/editing our AGU-hosted webpage and the SPA leadership will be grateful for an improved and updated website.

If you are interested in this volunteer position, please contact either Larry Paxton (Larry.Paxton@jhuapl.edu) or Christina Cohen (cohen@srl.caltech.edu).  Students are especially encouraged!


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Sunspot Solar Observatory – New Prepped Data
James McAteer
09 Nov 2018
We now provide fully prepped (level 1) data from all instruments at the Dunn Solar Telescope at solardisk.nmsu.edu/

This database will contain all data from all instruments for the 4 synoptic programs running daily at the telescope. All data are open to the community. Some inverted (level 2) data may also be made available for select observations.

Please provide any feedback on data types, or suggestions of modifications to the synoptic program, to mcateer@nmsu.edu

James McAteer
Director, SSO
NMSU Astronomy


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Solar Physics Webinar of Global Reach – Next Talk
Gregory Fleishman
14 Nov 2018
Solar Physics Webinar of Global Reach (SPW-GR) was launched on 2018 April 18 under support of the Center for Solar-Terrestrial Research (CSTR) at NJIT (connection and coordination support) and Laboratory for Experimental Astrophysics, Ioffe Institute (web site support). The presentations and recordings of the past talks are available online at the webinar web page (www.ioffe.ru/LEA/SF_AR/webinar.html) for free access. Starting September 2018, we are on a bi-weekly schedule.

NEXT TALK:
Dr. Nicole Vilmer (Observatoire Paris—Meudon): Solar Electron acceleration and propagation as revealed by X-ray and radio diagnostics; Wed, 2018 Nov. 28 at 14:00 UT.

THE FOLLOWING TALK
To be announced.

HOW TO CONNECT
The Webinar uses the Cisco Webex service available at NJIT (link to connect: njit.webex.com/njit/j.php?MTID=mcb6f3cb75b5e6b62bbbcbba16d36e963; meeting # 924 797 400) and is coordinated by Dr. Gregory Fleishman.

FORMAT:
For details, see the SPW-GR web page www.ioffe.ru/LEA/SF_AR/webinar_about.html

SCHEDULE: bi-weekly
Subject to change; visit the SPW-GR web page www.ioffe.ru/LEA/SF_AR/webinar.html


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Employment Opportunities

Nagoya University, Institute of Space–Earth Environmental Research (ISEE) – Postdoctoral Fellowship
Kanya Kusano
01 Nov 2018
There is an announcement of postdoctoral fellow position in ISEE, Nagoya University, Japan: www.isee.nagoya-u.ac.jp/en/2018/10/koubo2018-9-en.pdf

For those who are interested in this position, please contact ISEE researchers related to your topic. The list of the ISEE staff is available at www.isee.nagoya-u.ac.jp/en/members.html

Application deadline: 5:00 PM JST on Thursday, December 20, 2018


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Georgia State University – Graduate Studies in the Solar-Stellar Connection
Jane Pratt
05 Nov 2018
The Department of Physics and Astronomy at Georgia State University (Atlanta, Georgia, USA) invites applications from prospective graduate students interested in the solar-stellar connection.  We seek highly motivated, qualified candidates with initial degrees in Physics, Astronomy, Mathematics, Statistics, Engineering, or Computer Science and a good working knowledge of English.  Experience in programming with MPI-Fortran, Python, or other high-level languages, and knowledge of numerical methods is desirable.  The deadline for application is January 15th, 2019.  Successful candidates will enter the program in Fall 2019.  Research assistantships are available.  Prospective students should apply at www.phy-astr.gsu.edu/graduate/admissions/

We study space plasma physics, solar/stellar physics, and space weather.  New PhD projects will focus on one of several areas:

  1. Developing data analytics methods to predict solar flares and eruptions.
  2. Predicting space weather and space climate.
  3. Producing, understanding, and interpreting new helioseismology and astroseismology data.
  4. Theoretical/computational modeling of stars using hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic simulations.
These PhD projects will use new computer systems at Georgia State University, national and international supercomputers, and data from world-class telescopes.  Inquiries about the program and the application process can be directed to Dr. Jane Pratt ( jpratt7 at gsu.edu ).
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Los Alamos National Laboratory – Postdoctoral Position in Space Physics Instrumentation and Data Analysis
Dan Reisenfeld
08 Nov 2018
Los Alamos National Laboratory seeks candidates for a postdoctoral position in heliospheric physics and instrumentation with the Space Science and Applications Group (ISR-1). ISR Division currently leads instruments or instrument subsystems on NASA’s IMAP, IBEX, SWIFT, TWINS, ACE, Mars Odyssey, and Van Allen Probes missions, as well as NASA’s Mars Science Laboratory and Mars 2020 rovers. The candidate chosen for this position will be expected to carry out original research addressing the structure and evolution of the outer heliosphere through analysis of data from the ongoing IBEX mission.  The candidate is also expected to support the development and calibration of energetic neutral atom instrumentation to be used in the upcoming IMAP mission.  Additional opportunities in the development of space plasma instrumentation may also be available. Applicants should have laboratory experience applicable to developing hardware for the detection of space plasmas. Additional desirable skills include familiarity with heliospheric science (solar wind, outer heliosphere, magnetospheres, etc.), or a strong interest in learning about such environments. The selected candidate will have the opportunity to interact with Laboratory staff engaged in a broad range of observational, computational, and theoretical research in heliophysics.

This is a two-year position with the possibility of an extension to a third year. Applicants should have a doctoral degree in Space Physics, Physics, Astronomy, or appropriate similar fields obtained within the last five years, or soon to be completed. They should have demonstrated ability to pursue independent research and work as a member of a team, as well as a strong record of publication and presentation.

Interested candidates should send their CV, publications list, and statement of research interests to Dan Reisenfeld (dreisenfeld@lanl.gov), and apply online at jobs.lanl.gov and search for IRC69562.


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NASA – SMD Research Opportunities for Graduate Students UPDATE
NASAAPRS
07 November 2018
Since 2007, SMD's four science divisions (Earth Science, Heliophysics, Planetary Science, and Astrophysics) at NASA Headquarters in Washington, DC, have supported graduate student-initiated research through the NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowships (NESSF). This year, however, NASA's Science Mission Directorate (SMD) is inviting proposals for graduate student research via a new solicitation entitled "Future Investigators in NASA Earth and Space Science and Technology" (FINESST) NNH19ZDA005K.

The FINESST solicitation replaces the 2019 call for new NASA Earth and Space Science Fellowships. No currently funded NESSF awards will be impacted by the transition to the new solicitation and universities should continue to request funding on behalf of existing NESSF grants via the NESSF19R solicitation.

The FINESST solicitation and awards will have the following properties, consistent with normal grants under 2 CFR 200:

  1. Project proposals may request up to a three year period of performance (POP). POP changes, including no cost extensions, will follow normal NASA grant procedures.
  2. Continuation of FINESST awards beyond the first year will require the submission of a progress report via NSPIRES rather that the submission of a "renewal proposal" as was required by NESSF.
  3. FINESST proposal costs will be limited to those allowable under 2 CFR 200.75 – Participant support costs (e.g., stipends) and, in general, NASA does not permit indirect costs to be requested or recovered on Participant support costs.
In sum, the participating graduate student will be a "Future Investigator" (FI) not a "Fellow". The change to FINESST should clarify to Principal Investigators (a.k.a. faculty advisors), graduate students, and institutions that these grants are for student-designed research projects that contribute to SMD's science, technology, and exploration goals. As with other SMD proposals, FINESST proposals will be reviewed for 1) intrinsic merit and 2) relevance to NASA.

In the future, rather than continue FINESST as a separate funding announcement, SMD expects to add this graduate opportunity as a cross-divisional appendix to SMD's omnibus research solicitation, "Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Science (ROSES)". It is anticipated that this change will start with ROSES-2020.

FINESST proposals are due 11:59PM Eastern on February 1, 2019

NESSF19R proposals are due 11:59PM Eastern on March 15, 2019

Send questions by email to: HQ-FINESST@mail.nasa.gov

FINESST questions and responses, with identifying information removed, will be posted on the NSPIRES page for FINESST-2019.

Any NESSF19R questions and responses, with identifying information removed, will be posted on the NSPIRES page for NESSF19R.

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Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) – Pre-doctoral Contract for a PhD Thesis: REMINDER
Javier Trujillo Bueno
10 Nov 2018
The Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC, Tenerife, Spain) invites applications for one PhD pre-doctoral contract funded by the European Research Council (ERC) Advanced Grant “Polarized Radiation Diagnostics for Exploring the Magnetism of the Outer Solar Atmosphere” (POLMAG: www.iac.es/proyecto/polmag/).

The selected candidate will develop her/his PhD thesis at the IAC having Prof. Javier Trujillo Bueno and
Dr. Tanausú del Pino Alemán as thesis advisors.

Title: Ultraviolet Spectropolarimetry: Opening a New Diagnostic Window in Solar and Stellar Physics

The duration of the contract will be for a period of 4 years.

The deadline for receiving applications is 2018 November 18.

For information on the PhD research project and instructions on how to apply, please visit www.iac.es/info.php?op1=26&id=766&lang=en

For additional information on the PhD research project, please contact Javier Trujillo Bueno (jtb@iac.es)


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Northumbria University (Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom) – Lecturer/Senior Lecturer (equivalent to Assistant Professor) in Mathematics or Astrophysics
James McLaughlin
13 Nov 2018
The Faculty of Engineering and Environment at Northumbria University is currently advertising a position for Lecturer/Senior Lecturer (equivalent to Assistant Professor) within the Department of Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering. The disciplines of Astrophysics and Mathematics are contained within this department.

The department has particular strengths in Solar Physics and Space Weather, but we will also consider high-quality applications in any relevant area. For more information about the Group, visit www.northumbria.ac.uk/about-us/academic-departments/mathematics-physics-and-electrical-engineering/research/solar-physics/ For informal enquiries about this post, please contact Professor James McLaughlin, Director of Research, on james.a.mclaughlin@northumbria.ac.uk

The deadline for applications is 9th December 2018.

The job advert can be found at: www.northumbria.ac.uk/work-for-us/job-vacancies/academic-478-lecturer-or-senior-lecturer

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Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC, Tenerife, Spain) – Postdoctoral Contract: SNSF Sinergia Project
Javier Trujillo Bueno
14 Nov 2018
The Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC, Tenerife, Spain) invites applications for one postdoctoral contract to work at the IAC in the project “HPC-techniques for 3D modeling of resonance line polarization with partial frequency redistribution”. This research project is funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) within the framework of “Sinergia”, a programme promoting interdisciplinary collaboration between different applicants. This Sinergia grant involves the IAC, the Istituto Ricerche Solari Locarno (IRSOL, Locarno, Switzerland), the Institute of Computational Sciences (ICS, Lugano, Switzerland) and the Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR, Ondrejov, Czech Republic). Postdoctoral positions within the framework of this project will also be available at ICS and IRSOL.

The aim of the project is to combine competences and expertise in the fields of the generation and transfer of polarized radiation in magnetized plasmas, atomic physics, spectropolarimetry, computational sciences and high-performance computing (HPC). The goal is to develop novel accurate and robust parallel solution methods for the radiative transfer (RT) problem for polarized radiation in realistic three-dimensional (3D) models of the solar atmosphere, taking into account the effects of correlations between the incoming and outgoing photons in the scattering events (PRD effects, from partial frequency redistribution).

Starting from the radiative transfer code PORTA (Stepan & Trujillo Bueno 2013; A&A, 557, 143), the IAC post-doc will mainly focus on the development and application of a novel 3D radiative transfer code for modeling, by means of massively parallel supercomputers, the spectral line polarization produced by the joint action of anisotropic radiation pumping and the Hanle and Zeeman effects in the solar atmosphere, taking PRD effects into account.  The selected candidate will closely interact with the scientists and post-docs working in all the institutes involved in the project. Moreover, she/he will also benefit from scientific collaborations with the POLMAG group of the IAC (see www.iac.es/proyecto/polmag/ ).

The contract is expected to start in 2019 (exact starting date to be negotiated) and it will end at the conclusion of the Sinergia project (30.09.2022). Subsequently, it may be further extended for a total duration of four years.

Deadline for receiving applications is 2019 January 7.

For scientific enquiries please contact Javier Trujillo Bueno.

The announcement, with the information on how to apply, can be found at www.iac.es/info.php?op1=26&id=769


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Istituto Ricerche Solari Locarno (IRSOL, Locarno Monti, Switzerland) – Postdoctoral Contract: SNSF Sinergia Project
Luca Belluzzi
14 Nov 2018
The Istituto Ricerche Solari Locarno (IRSOL, Locarno Monti, Switzerland) invites applications for one postdoctoral contract to work in the project “HPC-techniques for 3D modeling of resonance line polarization with partial frequency redistribution”. This research project is funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) within the framework of “Sinergia”, a programme promoting interdisciplinary collaboration between different applicants. This Sinergia grant involves IRSOL, the Institute of Computational Sciences (ICS, Lugano, Switzerland), the Astronomical Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic (ASCR, Ondrejov, Czech Republic), and the Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias (IAC, Tenerife, Spain). Postdoctoral positions within the framework of this project will also be available at ICS and IAC.

The aim of the project is to combine competences and expertise in the fields of theoretical and numerical spectropolarimetry, computational sciences, and high-performance computing, in order to develop novel accurate and robust parallel solution methods for the radiative transfer problem for polarized radiation in three-dimensional models of the solar atmosphere, taking partial frequency redistribution effects into account.

The IRSOL post-doc will mainly focus on the theoretical aspects of the problem, and on the application of the newly developed methods and techniques on specific problems of interest. The selected candidate will closely interact with the scientists and post-docs working in all the institutes involved in the project.

The contract is expected to begin in early 2019 (exact date to be negotiated) and it will end at the conclusion of the Sinergia project (30.09.2022). Subsequently, it can be further extended up to a total duration of four years. The activity of the candidate will be subject to annual revisions.

The announcement, with the information on how to apply, can be found at www.irsol.ch/jobs/

Deadline for receiving applications is January 7, 2019.


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High Altitude Observatory( Boulder, Colorado, USA) – HAO: Newkirk Graduate Research Fellowship, Application Deadline January 18, 2019
Matthias Rempel
14 Nov 2018
The High Altitude Observatory of the National Center for Atmospheric Research announces the availability of Newkirk Fellowships. The Newkirk Fellowship provides financial support for research visits to HAO allowing for 3 to 6 months per year in a single visit. The total supported length is 9 months, which can be spread out over up to 3 years. Newkirk Fellows will work with guidance from HAO scientists and engineers on projects related to their thesis, qualifying exams, or other research projects within the scope of HAO research including study of the Earth’s upper atmosphere, solar physics and solar-terrestrial physics through observation, theory and instrumentation.

To be eligible for the fellowship, the student must be enrolled full-time in a university graduate program having common interest with HAO research goals. HAO Newkirk Fellowships are awarded on the basis of academic excellence, scientific potential, and compatibility of student interest in current HAO research pursuits.

The application deadline for fellowships starting in 2019 is January 18, 2019.

Please see www2.hao.ucar.edu/partnerships/visitor-program/newkirk-fellowship for details on eligibility, financial support, and the application process. Contact Caitlyn Quinn Erdesz (cquinn@ucar.edu) or Matthias Rempel (rempel@ucar.edu) for further information.


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Meeting Announcements

Space Climate 7 – First Announcement
Kalevi Mursula
01 Nov 2018
Dear Colleagues and Friends!

We have the great pleasure to invite you to Space Climate 7

to be held at Auberge Estrimont, Canton Orford, in the mountains east of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada, on July 8 – 11, 2019, just before the IAGA meeting (during early IUGG) in Montreal.

Details on venue, registration, scientific program and accommodation is available at the meeting website craq-astro.ca/spaceclimate7/
For questions related to the meeting, send an email to spaceclimate7@astro.umontreal.ca

Please note that the number of attendees will be limited to 120 because of the meeting venue.

Welcome to Space Climate 7 in Orford !

Sincerely Yours,

Paul Charbonneau (LOC chair)
Cassandra Bolduc (LOC vice-chair)

Kalevi Mursula (SOC chair)
Ilya Usoskin (SOC vice-chair)


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Turbulence & Magnetic Fields – From the Early Universe to Late-Type Stars (Tuusula, Finland)
Jörn Warnecke
09 Nov 2018

Turbulence & magnetic fields
from the early universe to late-type stars
60th birthday symposium of Professor Axel Brandenburg
1st April – 5th April, 2019
Gustavelund Hotel, Tuusula, Finland
wiki.aalto.fi/display/AB6BS/Welcome

Symposium

To commemorate the 60th birthday of Professor Axel Brandenburg we are pleased to invite you to our symposium: “Turbulence & magnetic fields – from the early universe to late-type stars”

April 1st to April 5th 2019.

The venue is the magnificent lakeside hotel Gustavelund, Lake Tuusula, southern Finland.

The preliminary programme shall include:

Registration Social and cultural programme shall include: Venue Looking forward to seeing you in Tuusula!


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Machine Learning in Heliophysics (Amsterdam, NL) – September 16–20, 2019.
Enrico Camporeale
14 Nov 2018
We are pleased to invite you to the conference ‘Machine Learning in Heliophysics’ to be held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands from September 16–20, 2019.


Recent groundbreaking developments in the world of artificial intelligence and data mining techniques provide a unique opportunity for improving our understanding of the heliospheric environment.

The goal of this first ML-Helio conference is to leverage the advancements happening in disciplines such as machine learning, deep learning, statistical analysis, system identification, and information theory, in order to address long-standing questions and enable a higher scientific return on the wealth of available heliospheric data.

We aim at bringing together a cross-disciplinary research community:  physicists in solar, heliospheric, magnetospheric, and aeronomy fields as well as computer and data scientists. ML-Helio will focus on the development of data science techniques needed to tackle fundamental problems in space weather forecasting, inverse estimation of physical parameters, automatic event identification, feature detection and tracking, times series analysis of dynamical systems, combination of physics-based model with machine learning techniques, surrogate models and uncertainty quantification.

The conference will consists of classic-style lectures, complemented by hands-on tutorials on Python tools and data resources available to the heliophysics machine learning community.

In order to help us organize a conference better tailored towards the needs of the communities, we encourage you to register your interest and submit suggestions on goo.gl/forms/MEbDKQ4NrduMl32H2

On behalf of the SOC,
Enrico Camporeale
(e.camporeale@cwi.nl)


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Editor's Note

2016 SolarNews Instructions
Aimee Norton
11 November 2016

SolarNews is normally distributed on the first and fifteenth of each month. Please send in your submissions by midnight (UT-8) the day before.

The SPD Web site can be found at spd.aas.org. The HTML version of SolarNews can be found at spd.aas.org/SolarNews/ which is mirrored at solarnews.nso.edu.

SolarNews submissions can be in plain text or HTML markup. Submissions should be made via the submission webform at solarnews.aas.org/

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